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Ports and Shipping

Ports and Shipping

Ports and Shipping


  • 118 projects involving the investment of USD 7.73 billion have been approved in the last four years.
  • India has 12 major ports and 64 minor ports handling Export-Import cargo.
  • Indian ports handled 1605 million metric tonnes of cargo in 2015-2016
  • USD 2.69 billion invested in the last three years in the Ports & Shipping sector.


  • To attract investment for the growth of this sector, the Government has allowed 100% Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the shipping sector.
  • 100% FDI is allowed under the automatic route for projects related to the construction and maintenance of ports and harbors.


  1. Major ports are under the jurisdiction of the Government of India and are governed by the Major Port Trust Act, 1963 (except Ennore Port which is administered under the Companies Act, 2013)
  2. Non-major ports are under the jurisdiction of the respective state government’s maritime boards.
  3. A perspective plan of the government defines priority areas of investment in the Indian maritime sector. These include:
    • Development of two major ports as well as two-port hubs.
    • Plans to implement full mechanization of cargo handling and movement at ports.



  • Allocation of USD 1.79 billion for the development of the Outer Harbour Project in Tuticorin for Phase I.
  • A Ganges-based project named ‘Jal Marg Vikas’ will be undertaken between Allahabad and Haldia. This project is to be completed over a period of six years at an estimated cost of USD 646.15 million.
  • Exemptions under the Income Tax Act for Infrastructure Development, under Section 80IA.


  • Port development – the opportunity to serve the spill demand from major ports.
  • Port support services – operation and maintenance services such as pilotage, dredging, harboring, and provision of marine assets such as barges and dredgers.
  • Ship repair facilities in ports – demand for ship repair services will increase, providing opportunities to build new dry docks and set up ancillary repair facilities.